Rapid synthesis of quantum-confined CsPbBr3 perovskite nanowires using a microfluidic reactor†
Microfluidics has been considered as an effective platform in the mechanism study and large-scale manufacturing of nanomaterials. In this work, we report the facile synthesis of quantum-confined CsPbBr3 nanowires (NWs) by using a continuous-flow microfluidic reactor. The optimized reaction temperature is around 50 °C, and one “synthesis run” by microfluidics requires only ten minutes. This study reveals that the formation of CsPbBr3 NWs takes place by a hybrid growth mechanism of seed-mediated growth and oriented attachment growth. This microfluidic approach benefits the alignment of the short quantum-confined NWs and promotes their oriented attachment to form long NWs, while conventional flask synthesis results in large and irregular nanorods under the same reaction conditions. This work not only provides a new synthetic path for the preparation of CsPbX3 NWs but also sheds some light on the fundamental study of CsPbX3 NWs.