Jump to main content
Jump to site search


Chemically crosslinked liquid crystalline poly(ionic liquid)s/halloysite nanotubes nanocomposite ionogels with superior ionic conductivity, high anisotropic conductivity and a high modulus

Author affiliations

Abstract

A novel type of chemically crosslinked liquid crystalline nanocomposite ionogel electrolyte based on poly(ionic liquid) (PIL) with superior ionic conductivity and high anisotropic conductivity was designed and synthesized using the in situ photopolymerization of sheared soft ionogels containing charged halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) and ionic liquid monomers. The oriented structure was investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The chemically crosslinked backbone of the PIL and the addition of HNTs endowed the flexible ionogels with a combined very high modulus (up to 26.7 MPa) and mechanical strength (up to 4.4 MPa). Crucially, the obtained ionogels exhibited high mechanical stability even at temperatures up to 200 °C. Remarkably, in terms of the conductivities, the resulting pre-sheared ionogels displayed superior room temperature ionic conductivity (up to 6 mS cm−1) and a very high conductivity anisotropy ratio (up to 1600), owing to the alignment of the HNTs with oppositely charged surfaces and the high ionic conductivity of the polyelectrolyte PILs. Furthermore, flexible solid-state supercapacitor devices based on the high ion-conductive nanocomposite ionogels were fabricated, which demonstrated high and temperature-dependent specific capacitance, and remarkable cycling stability and flexible performance.

Graphical abstract: Chemically crosslinked liquid crystalline poly(ionic liquid)s/halloysite nanotubes nanocomposite ionogels with superior ionic conductivity, high anisotropic conductivity and a high modulus

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 08 Nov 2018, accepted on 29 Jan 2019 and first published on 30 Jan 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR09030K
Citation: Nanoscale, 2019, Advance Article

  •   Request permissions

    Chemically crosslinked liquid crystalline poly(ionic liquid)s/halloysite nanotubes nanocomposite ionogels with superior ionic conductivity, high anisotropic conductivity and a high modulus

    H. Li, Z. Feng, K. Zhao, Z. Wang, J. Liu, J. Liu and H. Song, Nanoscale, 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8NR09030K

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements