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Issue 4, 2019
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Evaluation of labeling methods used for investigating the environmental behavior and toxicity of metal oxide nanoparticles

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Abstract

The analysis of the environmental behavior and toxicity of metal oxide nanoparticles (MONPs) is complicated by high metal concentrations in natural matrices. To better detect and quantify MONPs in complex samples, a variety of traceable labels can be incorporated. There are four primary categories of MONP labels: fluorescent dyes, radioisotopes, stable isotopes, and dopant/core–shell labels. This review describes each MONP labeling technique, along with its advantages and drawbacks, and provides strategies for choosing the most appropriate labeling method for a given study design.

Graphical abstract: Evaluation of labeling methods used for investigating the environmental behavior and toxicity of metal oxide nanoparticles

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Oct 2018, accepted on 25 Feb 2019 and first published on 25 Feb 2019


Article type: Critical Review
DOI: 10.1039/C8EN01187G
Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2019,6, 1043-1066

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    Evaluation of labeling methods used for investigating the environmental behavior and toxicity of metal oxide nanoparticles

    A. R. Deline and J. A. Nason, Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2019, 6, 1043
    DOI: 10.1039/C8EN01187G

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