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Issue 33, 2019
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Rational synthesis, crystal structure, and sensing and adsorption properties of luminescent metal–organic frameworks

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Abstract

Five novel Cd(II) metal–organic frameworks (Cd-MOFs), namely [Cd6(L)4(1,3-bit)2(H2O)4]n (1), [Cd(HL)(4,4′-bbibp)]n (2), [Cd3(L)2(1,4-bimb)2(H2O)2]n (3), [Cd(HL)(4,4′-bidpe)]n (4) and [Cd3(L)2(1,1′-bbi)(H2O)4]n (5) (flexible H3L = 5-(2-carboxylphenoxy)isophthalic acid, rigid 1,3-bit = 1,3-bis(l-imidazoly)toluene, rigid 4,4′-bbibp = 4,4′-bis(benzoimidazo-1-ly)biphenyl, semi-flexible 1,4-bimb = 1,4-bis(imidazol-l-ylmethyl)benzene, semi-flexible 4,4′-bidpe = 4,4′-bis(imidazolyl)diphenyl ether, and flexible 1,1′-bbi = 1,1′-(1,4-butanediyl)bis(imidazole)) were synthesized employing a rational design approach under solvothermal conditions and further characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectra, thermogravimetric (TG) analysis, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Diversity architectural topologies have been generated by adjusting the N-donor ligands. They exhibit varied structures: 1 displays an unprecedented 6-nodal (3,3,4,4,8,8)-c 3D topology framework with the point Schläfli symbol of (3·4·5)2(32·42·52·66·78·87·9)(32·63·7)(4·64·8)(410·611·87)(43)2; 2 shows a 2-fold interpenetrating 4-connected cds topology with the point Schläfli symbol of (65·8); 3 exhibits an unprecedented 2-nodal (3,8)-c 3D topology network with the point Schläfli symbol of (42·5)2(44·56·610·75·82·9); 4 shows a 4-connected sql topology with the point Schläfli symbol of (44·62); 5 displays a tfz-d topology 2-nodal (3,8)-c 3D network with the point Schläfli symbol of (43)2(46·618·84). The luminescence studies reveal that MOFs 1–5 display highly sensitive and selective fluorescence sensing towards Fe3+ cations, CrO42− anions and molecular acetone. Meanwhile, the targeted dye adsorption properties of MOFs 1–5 are investigated.

Graphical abstract: Rational synthesis, crystal structure, and sensing and adsorption properties of luminescent metal–organic frameworks

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Apr 2019, accepted on 18 Jul 2019 and first published on 18 Jul 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9CE00545E
CrystEngComm, 2019,21, 4880-4897

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    Rational synthesis, crystal structure, and sensing and adsorption properties of luminescent metal–organic frameworks

    C. Fan, Z. Zong, X. Meng, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, D. Zhang, C. Xu, H. Wang and Y. Fan, CrystEngComm, 2019, 21, 4880
    DOI: 10.1039/C9CE00545E

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