Density matrix renormalization group pair-density functional theory (DMRG-PDFT): singlet–triplet gaps in polyacenes and polyacetylenes†
The density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) is a powerful method to treat static correlation. Here we present an inexpensive way to calculate correlation energy starting from a DMRG wave function using pair-density functional theory (PDFT). We applied this new approach, called DMRG-PDFT, to study singlet–triplet gaps in polyacenes and polyacetylenes that require active spaces larger than the feasibility limit of the conventional complete active-space self-consistent field (CASSCF) method. The results match reasonably well with the most reliable literature values and have only a moderate dependence on the compression of the initial DMRG wave function. Furthermore, DMRG-PDFT is significantly less expensive than other commonly applied ways of adding additional correlation to DMRG, such as DMRG followed by multireference perturbation theory or multireference configuration interaction.