Exploring the pharmacological effects and potential targets of paeoniflorin on the endometriosis of cold coagulation and blood stasis model rats by ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry with a pattern recognition approach†
This study was employed to explore the potential biomarkers of endometriosis of cold coagulation and blood stasis (ECB) model rats and the effective mechanism of action of paeoniflorin (PF). The serum metabolomics approach was carried out using the UPLC-MS technique with a pattern recognition approach to prove the possible biomarkers of the ECB model rats and the perturbed pathways. Subsequently, the mechanism of PF treatment of this disease model was elucidated. The results revealed that the serum metabolism profiles in two groups were also separated significantly. Moreover, 8 biomarkers were found in the positive mode, and 5 biomarkers were found in the negative mode. Totally, 13 biomarkers participated in the metabolism of phenylalanine, arachidonic acid, etc. After treatment with PF, 10 biomarkers were regulated. Among the 10 biomarkers, 4 were statistically significant: L-phenylalanine, L-tryptophan, LysoPC (18:4(6Z,9Z,12Z,15Z)), and LysoPC (16:1(9Z)). We initially confirmed that PF could significantly regulate the metabolic expression of multiple metabolic pathways in the ECB model rats. For the first time, this study explored the mechanism of action of PF treatment based on the metabolic pathways of the organism and demonstrated the potential of the metabolomics techniques for the study of drug action mechanisms.