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Issue 48, 2018
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A functional separator coated with sulfonated metal–organic framework/Nafion hybrids for Li–S batteries

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Abstract

A functional separator is designed to improve the utilization of sulfur and to inhibit polysulfide shuttling for high performance lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries. Here, we demonstrate a functional separator which is obtained by coating sulfonated UiO-66 metal–organic framework (MOF)/Nafion on a polyethylene separator. This modified separator suppresses the polysulfide diffusion due to a molecular sieving and electrostatic repulsion effect and facilitates the redox kinetics of sulfur conversion because of a fast charge transport by sulfonic groups tethered to the MOF and Nafion. Thus, the Li–S cells based on the MOF/Nafion hybrid-coated separator achieve a discharge capacity of 1127.4 mA h g−1 at 0.1C, a capacity retention of 66.8% at 3C relative to 0.1C, and a cycling stability of 75.5% over 200 charging/discharging cycles. These values are much greater than those of pristine and Nafion-coated separators, which confirms the superiority of MOF/Nafion hybrid coating layers for the design of functional separators.

Graphical abstract: A functional separator coated with sulfonated metal–organic framework/Nafion hybrids for Li–S batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Sep 2018, accepted on 19 Nov 2018 and first published on 19 Nov 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA08843H
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018,6, 24971-24978
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    A functional separator coated with sulfonated metal–organic framework/Nafion hybrids for Li–S batteries

    S. H. Kim, J. S. Yeon, R. Kim, K. M. Choi and H. S. Park, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, 6, 24971
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TA08843H

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