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Spin–orbit coupling as a probe to decipher halogen bonding

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Abstract

The nature of halogen-bond interactions is scrutinized from the perspective of astatine, the heaviest halogen element. Potentially the strongest halogen-bond donor, its ability is shown to be deeply affected by relativistic effects and especially by the spin–orbit coupling. Complexes between a series of XY dihalogens (X, Y = At, I, Br, Cl and F) and ammonia are studied with two-component relativistic quantum calculations, revealing that the spin–orbit interaction leads to a weaker halogen-bond donating ability of the diastatine species with respect to diiodine. In addition, the donating ability of the lighter halogen elements, iodine and bromine, in the AtI and AtBr species is more decreased by the spin–orbit coupling than that of astatine. This can only be rationalized from the evolution of a charge-transfer descriptor, the local electrophilicity ω+S,max, determined for the pre-reactive XY species. Finally, the investigation of the spin–orbit coupling effects by means of quantum chemical topology methods allows us to unveil the connection between the astatine propensity to form charge-shift bonds and the astatine ability to engage in halogen bonds.

Graphical abstract: Spin–orbit coupling as a probe to decipher halogen bonding

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Sep 2018, accepted on 05 Oct 2018 and first published on 08 Oct 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP05690K
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, Advance Article
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    Spin–orbit coupling as a probe to decipher halogen bonding

    J. Graton, S. Rahali, J. Le Questel, G. Montavon, J. Pilmé and N. Galland, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8CP05690K

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