From venoms to BBB-shuttles. MiniCTX3: a molecular vector derived from scorpion venom
The present study aims to develop chlorotoxin (CTX), from Giant Yellow Israeli scorpion venom, as a new BBB-shuttle. Minimised versions of CTX were prepared to reduce its complexity while enhancing its BBB-shuttle capacity and preserving its protease-resistance. MiniCTX3, a monocyclic lactam-bridge peptidomimetic, was capable of transporting nanoparticles across endothelial cell monolayers. Our results reveal animal venoms as an outstanding source of new families of BBB-shuttles.