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Issue 7, 2017
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Deep-blue thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters for light-emitting electrochemical cells (LEECs)

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Abstract

Two deep blue thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters (imCzDPS and imDPADPS) that contain charged imidazolium groups tethered to the central luminophore were designed and synthesized as small molecule organic emitters for light-emitting electrochemical cell (LEEC) electroluminescent devices. The emission profile of the doped thin films (5 wt% in PMMA) is very blue and narrow (λPL: 414 nm and 409 nm; full width at half maximum (FHWM): 62 nm and 46 nm for imCzDPS and imDPADPS, respectively) with good photoluminescence quantum efficiencies (ΦPL: 44% and 49% for imCzDPS and imDPADPS, respectively). In neat films, emission maxima occur at 440 nm and 428 nm for imCzDPS and imDPADPS, respectively, with comparable ΦPL values of 44 and 61%, respectively. Both emitters exhibit biexponential emission decay kinetics (nanosecond prompt and microsecond delayed fluorescence) in both MeCN solution and thin films, characteristic of TADF behaviour. While imDPADPS did not show any emission in the LEEC device, that of imCzDPS gave an electroluminescence (EL) maximum at 470 nm and CIE coordinates of (0.208, 0.250), which makes this device amongst the bluest reported to date. However, the maximum device luminance achieved was 2.5 cd m−2 and this poor brightness was attributed to the electrochemical instability of the emitter in the LEEC architecture, as evidenced by the additional peak at around 550 nm observed in the EL spectrum.

Graphical abstract: Deep-blue thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters for light-emitting electrochemical cells (LEECs)

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
05 Nov 2016
Accepted
16 Jan 2017
First published
17 Jan 2017

J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017,5, 1699-1705
Article type
Paper

Deep-blue thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters for light-emitting electrochemical cells (LEECs)

M. Y. Wong, M. La-Placa, A. Pertegas, H. J. Bolink and E. Zysman-Colman, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017, 5, 1699
DOI: 10.1039/C6TC04821H

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