Sc3+-induced morphology, phase structure, and upconversion luminescence evolution of YF3:Yb/Er nanocrystals
The increasingly wide application of lanthanide-based upconversion nanocrystals has generated an urgent need to control and manipulate both the morphological and optical properties of these materials. In this work, Sc3+ ions were utilized to modulate the morphology, phase structure, and upconversion luminescence properties of YF3:Yb/Er nanocrystals. At a Sc3+ doping concentration of 0–25 mol% the YF3:Yb/Er nanocrystals gradually changed from ∼16 nm rhombic nanodots to ∼57 nm zigzag-shaped nanorods, and the upconversion luminescence was enhanced by 5 times. The co-existence of the YF3:Yb/Er and ScF3:Yb/Er nanocrystals was then seen at 25–60 mol% Sc3+ doping, and finally the ScF3:Yb/Er nanocrystals became the only product at >60 mol% Sc3+ doping. A mechanism of oriented attachment growth has been proposed to explain the morphology evolution, and the upconversion luminescence details have been discussed from the crystal structure point of view.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2017 Journal of Materials Chemistry C HOT Papers