Thermal conductivity of monolayer MoS2, MoSe2, and WS2: interplay of mass effect, interatomic bonding and anharmonicity
Phonons are essential for understanding the thermal properties in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides. We investigate the lattice dynamics and thermodynamic properties of MoS2, MoSe2, and WS2 by first principles calculations. The obtained phonon frequencies and thermal conductivities agree well with the measurements. Our results show that the thermal conductivity of MoS2 is highest among the three materials due to its low average atomic mass. We also discuss the competition between mass effect, interatomic bonding and anharmonic vibrations in determining the thermal conductivity of WS2. Strong covalent W–S bonding and low anharmonicity in WS2 are found to be crucial in understanding its much higher thermal conductivity compared to MoSe2.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2D Materials: Explorations Beyond Graphene