Recent advances in the biosynthesis of unusual polyketide synthase substrates
Covering: 2003 to July 2015 for polyketide synthase starter units and 2012 to September 2015 for polyketide synthase extender units
This highlight provides an overview of recent advances in understanding the diversity of polyketide synthase (PKS) substrate building blocks. Substrates functioning as starter units and extender units contribute significantly to the chemical complexity and structural diversity exhibited by this class of natural products. This article complements and extends upon the current comprehensive reviews that have been published on these two topics (Moore and Hertweck, Nat. Prod. Rep., 2002, 19, 70; Chan et al., Nat. Prod. Rep., 2009, 1, 90; Wilson and Moore, Nat. Prod. Rep., 2012, 29, 72).