A new lattice Monte Carlo simulation for dielectric saturation in ion-containing liquids
We develop a new, rapid method for the lattice Monte Carlo simulation of ion-containing liquids that accounts for the effects of the reorganization of solvent dipoles under external electrostatic fields. Our results are in reasonable agreement with the analytical solutions to the dielectric continuum theory of Booth for single ions, ion pairs, and ionic cross-links. We also illustrate the substantial disparity between the dielectric functions for like and unlike charges on the nanometer scale. Our simulation rationalizes the experimental data for the dependence of the bulk dielectric value of water on ion concentrations in terms of saturated dipoles near ions.