Graphene oxide hydrogel improved sensitivity in one-dimensional photonic crystals for detection of beta-glucan†
Hydrogels are environment sensitive and they were introduced to 1DPhCs to improve the sensitivity in our previous research. In this paper, a new method was developed for quantitative determination of beta-glucan in oats by introducing graphene oxide (GO) hydrogels in one-dimensional photonic crystals (1DPhCs) with a polyaniline (PANI) defect layer. GO hydrogels were synthesized via a one-step hydrothermal method, characterized with scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and then they were employed as a component to fabricate 1DPhCs using a spin-coating method. Synthesized 1DPhCs combined with Congo red dye were in use for the quantification of beta-glucan. Reflection spectra demonstrated that a linear relationship existed between the photonic band gap and the beta-glucan concentration within 1–10 mg mL−1. The detection limit for beta-glucan is 0.18 mg mL−1 with a sensitivity of 7.53 nm mL mg−1.