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Issue 21, 2015
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Affinity imaging mass spectrometry (AIMS): high-throughput screening for specific small molecule interactions with frozen tissue sections

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Abstract

A novel screening system, using affinity imaging mass spectrometry (AIMS), has been developed to identify protein aggregates or organ structures in unfixed human tissue. Frozen tissue sections are positioned on small (millimetre-scale) stainless steel chips and incubated with an extensive library of small molecules. Candidate molecules showing specific affinity for the tissue section are identified by imaging mass spectrometry (IMS). As an example application, we screened over a thousand compounds against Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain tissue and identified several compounds with high affinity for AD brain sections containing tau deposits compared to age-matched controls. It should also be possible to use AIMS to isolate chemical compounds with affinity for tissue structures or components that have been extensively modified by events such as oxidation, phosphorylation, acetylation, aggregation, racemization or truncation, for example, due to aging. It may also be applicable to biomarker screening programs.

Graphical abstract: Affinity imaging mass spectrometry (AIMS): high-throughput screening for specific small molecule interactions with frozen tissue sections

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Jul 2015, accepted on 27 Aug 2015 and first published on 27 Aug 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5AN01381J
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Citation: Analyst, 2015,140, 7202-7208
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    Affinity imaging mass spectrometry (AIMS): high-throughput screening for specific small molecule interactions with frozen tissue sections

    T. Yoshimi, S. Kawabata, S. Taira, A. Okuno, R. Mikawa, S. Murayama, K. Tanaka and O. Takikawa, Analyst, 2015, 140, 7202
    DOI: 10.1039/C5AN01381J

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