Achieving hierarchical hollow carbon@Fe@Fe3O4 nanospheres with superior microwave absorption properties and lightweight features†
Hierarchical hollow carbon@Fe@Fe3O4 nanospheres were synthesized by a simple template method and another pyrolysis process. Interestingly, the thickness of hollow carbon spheres is tunable by a simple hydrothermal approach. The as-prepared carbon@Fe@Fe3O4 shows excellent microwave absorption properties. In detail, the maximum effective frequency is up to 5.2 GHz with an optimal reflection loss value of −40 dB while the coating thickness is just 1.5 mm. Meanwhile, such absorption properties can be maintained via controlling the thickness of the hollow carbon. For instance, in another coating layer of 2 mm, the effective frequency is still more than 5 GHz as the carbon thickness declines to 12 nm. As novel electromagnetic absorbers, the composites also present the lower density feature due to the hollow carbon sphere frame. The excellent electromagnetic absorption mechanism may be attributed to the obvious interface polarization, and strong magnetic loss ability resulting from the Fe and Fe3O4 shell. Besides, owing to the dielectric feature of carbon, the hollow carbon core is beneficial for the attenuation ability.