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Issue 2, 2015
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Ammonia-free coprecipitation synthesis of a Ni–Co–Mn hydroxide precursor for high-performance battery cathode materials

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Abstract

The ammonia-free green coprecipitation process has successfully produced a micro-sized spherical Ni0.5Co0.2Mn0.3(OH)2 precursor with a homogeneous elemental distribution. The replacement of ammonia with citric acid as a chelating agent was the key for this eco-friendly and cost-effective process. The pH of coprecipitation was determined from solubility and complex formation diagrams calculated using solubility products and formation constants. By varying the relative ratio of citric acid to metals, the optimized particle morphology, size and robustness of the precursor were obtained. The cathode material LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2, prepared using the hydroxide coprecipitate precursor, showed a good charge–discharge cycling performance in lithium cells, delivering high capacity and cycling stability (≥94% retention) at 3.0–4.3 V as well as upon high-voltage operation at 4.6 V.

Graphical abstract: Ammonia-free coprecipitation synthesis of a Ni–Co–Mn hydroxide precursor for high-performance battery cathode materials

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Article information


Submitted
30 Sep 2014
Accepted
10 Nov 2014
First published
10 Nov 2014

Green Chem., 2015,17, 1127-1135
Article type
Paper
Author version available

Ammonia-free coprecipitation synthesis of a Ni–Co–Mn hydroxide precursor for high-performance battery cathode materials

K. Nam, H. Kim, D. Kang, Y. Kim and S. Song, Green Chem., 2015, 17, 1127
DOI: 10.1039/C4GC01898B

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