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Issue 105, 2014
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Low temperature growth of hybrid ZnO/TiO2 nano-sculptured foxtail-structures for dye-sensitized solar cells

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Abstract

ZnO/TiO2 nano-sculptured foxtail-structures were fabricated using two sequential low-temperature processes combining hydrothermal growth of ZnO nanorods (NRs) and plasma ion assisted evaporation of crystalline TiO2 nanostructures. The ZnO NRs were homogeneously covered with a thin layer of anatase TiO2 nanostructure to form nano-sculptured foxtail-like patterns. Power conversion efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells made from these hybrid ZnO/TiO2 structures was improved from 0.3% to 1.8% after using the ZnO/TiO2 hybrid structure. Measurement using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and photocurrent decay proved that the hybrid structures have good electron transport capability, because the ZnO NRs can provide a direct pathway for charge transport; the TiO2 layer can improve charge injection and prevent the formation of Zn2+/dye complex (thus reducing the recombination); the hybrid structures can further increase surface area (thus higher dye loading).

Graphical abstract: Low temperature growth of hybrid ZnO/TiO2 nano-sculptured foxtail-structures for dye-sensitized solar cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Oct 2014, accepted on 06 Nov 2014 and first published on 06 Nov 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4RA11881B
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RSC Adv., 2014,4, 61153-61159

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    Low temperature growth of hybrid ZnO/TiO2 nano-sculptured foxtail-structures for dye-sensitized solar cells

    C. Zhao, D. Child, Y. Hu, N. Robertson, D. Gibson, S. C. Wang and Y. Q. Fu, RSC Adv., 2014, 4, 61153
    DOI: 10.1039/C4RA11881B

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