Routes to tin chalcogenide materials as thin films or nanoparticles: a potentially important class of semiconductor for sustainable solar energy conversion
Thin films of tin chalcogenides may find use in photovoltaic devices, and nanocrystals of such materials are attractive due to their tuneable band gaps and potential in photovoltaic, photonic and optoelectronic applications. Tin(II) sulfide (SnS) is of particular interest due to its band gap of 1.4 eV, which is similar to that of silicon (1.1 eV). This review seeks to provide an overview of the chemical routes currently known for the synthesis of tin chalcogenides as thin films or in nanocrystalline form, as well as exploring routes to copper zinc tin sulfide (CZTS) and mesoporous tin chalcogenides.
- This article is part of the themed collections: Celebrating the 2016 RSC Prize and Award Winners and 2014 Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers Review Articles