Thermoresponsive polymerized gemini dicationic ionic liquid
A new type of gemini poly(ionic liquid), poly[(1,8-octanediyl-bis(tri-n-butylphosphonium) 4-styrene sulfonate], was synthesized via the free radical polymerization of a dicationic ionic liquid monomer in DMF. This poly(ionic liquid) presented a lower critical solution temperature (LCST)-type phase transition in aqueous solution. Unusually this phase transition can be observed even at a concentration as low as 0.1 wt%. Additionally, the type and concentration of external salt can influence the cloud point. Copolymerisation of this gemini dicationic ionic liquid monomer with divinylbenzene crosslinker in water led to the formation of a hydrogel, which exhibited a temperature-triggered volume change in water.