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Issue 48, 2013
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Electrospun lithium metal oxide cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries

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Abstract

The superior performance of lithium metal oxide cathode materials is a key aspect for the advanced development of lithium-ion battery (LIB) technology in portable electronics and high-end applications such as renewable energy units, electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) etc. However, this battery technology suffers from some critical problems related to electrochemical performance, storage efficiency, safety and cost. Tremendous research is performed globally to solve these problems associated with battery performance. One of the potential ways to improve battery electrochemical performance and safety is by developing hybrid lithium metal oxide based one-dimensional (1D) nanostructures by simple and advanced electrospinning processes. These electrospun nanostructures of continuous fibrous morphology are attractive as new cathode materials due to their shorter Li ion diffusion pathways, high surface area and porous network. Since lithium-ion battery technology growth is tremendous and grabbing the attention of the world-wide scientific community, an update on recent progress in such fields is required. In this review, we discuss an in-depth summary about the significant role of electrospun lithium metal oxide based cathode materials in improving ionic conductivity, electrochemical stability, rate capability and safety; as well as possible future research challenges and prospects. In addition, we briefly describe the very recent progress of electrospun materials in anode and separator/electrolyte applications of LIBs.

Graphical abstract: Electrospun lithium metal oxide cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Sep 2013, accepted on 02 Oct 2013 and first published on 08 Oct 2013


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C3RA45414B
RSC Adv., 2013,3, 25576-25601

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    Electrospun lithium metal oxide cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries

    S. Kalluri, K. H. Seng, Z. Guo, H. K. Liu and S. X. Dou, RSC Adv., 2013, 3, 25576
    DOI: 10.1039/C3RA45414B

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