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Issue 9, 2013
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Performance of μ-XRF with SEM/EDS for trace analysis on the example of RoHS relevant elements – measurement, optimisation and prediction of the detection limits

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Abstract

For ten years μ-XRF (micro-focus X-ray fluorescence) analysis has been performed with SEM/EDS (scanning electron microscope with an energy dispersive X-ray detector) so that non-destructive analysis of elements at trace level concentrations below 100 μg g−1 becomes possible. This can be considered as a valuable completion of the classical electron probe microanalysis by EDS, an analytical method “suffering” from rather poor limits of detection in the range of one to two orders of magnitude higher than those of μ-XRF. Based on a representative actual application, namely analysis of RoHS relevant elements at trace concentration levels, the performance of the rather new analytical method with respect to its limits of detection is systematically evaluated. CRMs (certified reference materials) specially prepared to support the quantitative XRF analysis of RoHS relevant elements were employed. On the other side, based on calculations of μ-XRF spectra according to a recently developed physical model the optimization of the analytical performance is also successfully undertaken.

Graphical abstract: Performance of μ-XRF with SEM/EDS for trace analysis on the example of RoHS relevant elements – measurement, optimisation and prediction of the detection limits

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Article information


Submitted
26 Feb 2013
Accepted
26 Jun 2013
First published
27 Jun 2013

J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2013,28, 1466-1474
Article type
Paper

Performance of μ-XRF with SEM/EDS for trace analysis on the example of RoHS relevant elements – measurement, optimisation and prediction of the detection limits

V. Rackwitz, M. Ostermann, U. Panne and V. Hodoroaba, J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2013, 28, 1466
DOI: 10.1039/C3JA50064K

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