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Issue 2, 2012
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Determination of flavor components of rice bran by GC-MS and chemometrics

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Abstract

The flavor composition of rice bran was investigated using solid-phase microextraction (SPME), which was selected from four extraction methods. Additionally, static headspace extraction (SHS), accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) and simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE), followed by GC-MS analysis with the help of heuristic evolving latent projections (HELP) were also used. The effects of the most important factors, including fiber coating, extraction time, and temperature of SPME, on the flavor components of rice bran were studied. Qualitative analysis of the flavor components was obtained by a mass spectra similarity search using pure mass spectra resolved by HELP with the aid of automated mass spectral deconvolution and identification system (AMDIS) software and temperature-programmed retention indices (PTRIs), while quantitative analysis was conducted using the overall volume integration (OVI) technique. A total of 43 out of 76 compounds were tentatively identified, accounting for 82.76% of the total flavor compounds. The flavor compounds were mainly esters, alkanes, alcohols, ketones, aldehydes, and fatty acids, with a composition of 22.24%, 22.16%, 17.75%, 9.06%, 5.72%, and 4.18%, respectively. Together, these results indicate that analyzing the rice bran flavor profile may be more reasonable than solely monitoring free fatty acids for understanding, evaluating and controlling the instability of rice bran.

Graphical abstract: Determination of flavor components of rice bran by GC-MS and chemometrics

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Oct 2011, accepted on 15 Dec 2011 and first published on 19 Jan 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2AY05671B
Anal. Methods, 2012,4, 539-545

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    Determination of flavor components of rice bran by GC-MS and chemometrics

    M. Zeng, L. Zhang, Z. He, F. Qin, X. Tang, X. Huang, H. Qu and J. Chen, Anal. Methods, 2012, 4, 539
    DOI: 10.1039/C2AY05671B

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