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Issue 9, 2010
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Combination of quantum dot fluorescence with enzyme chemiluminescence for multiplexed detection of lung cancer biomarkers

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Abstract

A new concept is proposed in this article to detect multiple cancer markers in a single sample. Quantum dot (QD) fluorescence (FL) labels were successfully combined with enzyme chemiluminescence (CL) labels for simultaneous detection of three cancer markers in human serum using just a common 96-well plate reader and with equal detection limits for the three markers. As a proof-of-concept, herein we coupled one QD FL label with two enzyme CL labels for hybrid multiplexed detection of lung cancer markers as exemplified by neuron-specific enolase (NSE), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and cytokeratin fragment (Cyfra21-1). A homogeneous “sandwich-type” detection strategy was employed herein, where the bead–antibody mixture first reacts with NSE, CEA and Cyfra21-1 to initiate three immunoreactions in a single tube; and then the formed conjugates sandwiches with biotin, digoxin and fluoresceinisothiocyanate (FITC)-modified detection antibodies, and further reacts with a mixture of streptavidin QD, anti-FITC horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and anti-digoxin alkaline phosphatase (ALP) for subsequent CL and FL detection. The results show that NSE, CEA and Cyfra21-1 could be sensitively determined with a common 96-well plate reader and with equal detection limits down to the ng mL−1 level. Furthermore, the proposed method has been successfully applied to the determination of three cancer markers in human samples without cross-reaction. Because it is straightforward to adapt this strategy to detect a spectrum of other proteins by using different antibodies or aptamers, this new CL strategy might create a universal technology for developing simple biosensors in the sensitive and selective detection of multiple targets in a variety of clinical, environmental, and biodefense applications.

Graphical abstract: Combination of quantum dot fluorescence with enzyme chemiluminescence for multiplexed detection of lung cancer biomarkers

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 May 2010, accepted on 16 Jun 2010 and first published on 07 Jul 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0AY00284D
Anal. Methods, 2010,2, 1236-1242

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    Combination of quantum dot fluorescence with enzyme chemiluminescence for multiplexed detection of lung cancer biomarkers

    H. Li, Z. Cao, Y. Zhang, C. Lau and J. Lu, Anal. Methods, 2010, 2, 1236
    DOI: 10.1039/C0AY00284D

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