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Issue 7, 2007
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Synthesis of a novel cardanol-based benzoxazine monomer and environmentally sustainable production of polymers and bio-composites

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Abstract

A novel pre-polymer deriving from cardanol—a well known renewable organic resource and harmful by-product of the cashew industry—in combination with cellulose based materials (i.e. jute fibres) has been used to produce bio-composites having a high percentage of renewable materials. Cardanol and its derivatives are considered nowadays very attractive precursors to developing new materials from renewable bio-sources to use in eco-friendly processes. This paper deals with the synthesis and characterization of a novel cardanol based benzoxazine monomer used for the preparation of new bio-composites. The new cardanol-based benzoxazine was characterised by 1H and 13C NMR, FT-IR spectroscopies and LC mass spectrometry analysis, while a differential scanning calorimeter was used to study and monitor the polymerization process. Different bio-composites have been obtained by thermal cure of jute fibres impregnated with a cardanol based benzoxazine resin.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis of a novel cardanol-based benzoxazine monomer and environmentally sustainable production of polymers and bio-composites

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Publication details

The article was received on 23 Nov 2006, accepted on 27 Feb 2007 and first published on 19 Mar 2007


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B617180J
Green Chem., 2007,9, 754-759

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    Synthesis of a novel cardanol-based benzoxazine monomer and environmentally sustainable production of polymers and bio-composites

    E. Calò, A. Maffezzoli, G. Mele, F. Martina, S. E. Mazzetto, A. Tarzia and C. Stifani, Green Chem., 2007, 9, 754
    DOI: 10.1039/B617180J

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