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Issue 5, 2005
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Analysis of natural flavonoids by microchip-micellar electrokinetic chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection

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Abstract

Catechins (catechin and other derivatives) are naturally occurring flavonoids present in a number of plants and foods. They are also part of numerous nutraceutical formulations because they are believed to have antioxidant, cancer chemo-preventative, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. The determination of catechins has traditionally been performed by HPLC. However, this methodology is both time and sample intensive and generates large amounts of organic solvent waste. In the current report, an application of MEKC using a PDMS microchip is presented for the analysis of catechins. The system uses pulsed amperometric detection for direct analysis of important naturally occurring catechins. The effect of pH, surfactant concentration, detection potential and signal stability were analyzed. Linear relationships were found between the concentration and peak current, with good stability and limits of detection of 8 µM for catechin, epigallocatechin gallate and epicatechin, and 14 µM for epicatechin gallate. Optimum conditions were applied to the detection of selected catechins in a commercially available green tea extract nutraceutical and the results were compared to HPLC analysis. The analysis using microchip micellar electrokinetic chromatography and pulsed amperometric detection was completed in 4.5 min, 10 times faster than the HPLC analysis.

Graphical abstract: Analysis of natural flavonoids by microchip-micellar electrokinetic chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Dec 2004, accepted on 21 Mar 2005 and first published on 07 Apr 2005


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B418368A
Citation: Analyst, 2005,130, 694-700

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    Analysis of natural flavonoids by microchip-micellar electrokinetic chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection

    R. W. Hompesch, C. D. García, D. J. Weiss, J. M. Vivanco and C. S. Henry, Analyst, 2005, 130, 694
    DOI: 10.1039/B418368A

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