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Issue 10, 2020
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Identifying the anionic redox activity in cation-disordered Li1.25Nb0.25Fe0.50O2/C oxide cathodes for Li-ion batteries

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Abstract

Li-excess cation-disordered cathodes for Li-ion batteries have attracted much interest due to their high capacity. However, issues regarding anionic redox activity and capacity degradation still need to be clarified for their performance improvement. In this work, a newly designed cation-disordered Li1.25Nb0.25Fe0.50O2/C cathode is investigated. The mapping of resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (mRIXS) reveals direct evidence of reversible anionic redox during cycling for the first time and defines the voltage range. Furthermore, differential electrochemical mass spectroscopy (DEMS) finds that oxygen release is involved during high voltage charging with electrolyte decomposition. A surface densified layer induced by excessive oxygen oxidation is also identified by in/ex situ X-ray diffraction (XRD). In the densified layer, lithium ion diffusion is blocked due to the reduced amount of percolating 0-TM (transition metal) network. Besides, irreversible oxygen loss during cycling leads to the sustained growth of the densified layer and results in larger lattice volume variations. Therefore, the performance degradation of the material is largely due to oxygen loss, surface densification, and large volume variation upon electrochemical operation.

Graphical abstract: Identifying the anionic redox activity in cation-disordered Li1.25Nb0.25Fe0.50O2/C oxide cathodes for Li-ion batteries

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
24 Oct 2019
Accepted
16 Feb 2020
First published
17 Feb 2020

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2020,8, 5115-5127
Article type
Paper

Identifying the anionic redox activity in cation-disordered Li1.25Nb0.25Fe0.50O2/C oxide cathodes for Li-ion batteries

M. Luo, S. Zheng, J. Wu, K. Zhou, W. Zuo, M. Feng, H. He, R. Liu, J. Zhu, G. Zhao, S. Chen, W. Yang, Z. Peng, Q. Wu and Y. Yang, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2020, 8, 5115
DOI: 10.1039/C9TA11739C

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