A novel porous egg-white (EW)/titania composite photocatalytic material for efficient photodegradation applications
A novel porous egg-white (EW)/titania composite material was prepared via a facile nonaqueous precipitation method with EW as the porous skeleton. In a typical process, tetrabutyl titanate, a titanium precursor, was dissolved in ethanol to undergo a non-hydrolytic reaction with the aid of anhydrous formic acid under ultrasonication and form a porous structure with EW. The composite material was characterized by BET, XRD, FTIR spectroscopy, TEM, FE-SEM and photocatalytic degradation test. The results show that formic acid changes the characteristic structure of tetrabutyl titanate, increases the polarity of its C–O and Ti–O bonds, and promotes the non-hydrolytic de-etherization poly-condensation reaction. After ultrasonic treatment, the reaction product was rearranged to form anatase titania on EW to form a porous structure. The porous composite material had a mean pore size of 15.8 nm, BET surface area of 325.5 m2 g−1 and exhibited an excellent photocatalytic activity. The degradation rate of methyl orange using the EW/titania composite material reached 99.9% in 50 minutes, exhibiting an attractive prospect in wastewater treatment.