Study on the growth rate of natural gas hydrate in water-in-oil emulsion system using a high-pressure flow loop
Hydrate slurry transport technology in deep-water pipelines has become a focal point among worldwide researches, due to its high economic efficiency. However, as the key part of the hydrate slurry transport technology research, the mechanism and laws of natural gas hydrate growth dynamics are still unclear in the flow emulsion system. On this basis, we have conducted a series of growth kinetic experiments in a high-pressure loop, investigated systematically several influencing factors (i.e. the flow rate, water-cut, AA concentration and so on) of growth kinetics, obtained the quantitative relations between these factors and the gas consumption as well as the hydrate growth rate (gas consumption rate). It could be gained from analysis of these influencing factors, that the hydrate growth rate has an extreme value (maximum) during the formation process in a slurry system. The controlling factor of hydrate formation differed at the stages before and after this maximum value. The intrinsic kinetics controlled before the value while heat/mass transfer influenced after it. The time needed for the hydrate growth rate to reach the maximum point was generally within 0.5 h after the hydrate mass formation.