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Issue 29, 2018, Issue in Progress
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Molybdenum(0) tricarbonyl and tetracarbonyl complexes with a cationic pyrazolylpyridine ligand: synthesis, crystal structures and catalytic performance in olefin epoxidation

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Abstract

The synthesis of molybdenum(0) tricarbonyl and tetracarbonyl complexes of the form [Mo(CO)3(ptapzpy)Br] (1) and cis-[Mo(CO)4(ptapzpy)]Br (2) is reported, where ptapzpy = 2-(1-propyltrimethylammonium-3-pyrazolyl)pyridine. Preparation of these derivatives was accomplished either through thermal replacement of CO in Mo(CO)6 (for 1) or substitution under milder conditions of piperidine ligands in the precursor cis-[Mo(CO)4(pip)2] (for 2). The crystal structures of the ligand [ptapzpy]Br and complexes 1 and 2 were determined. Thermal treatment of 2 at 125–150 °C leads to mono decarbonylation and formation of 1. On the other hand, oxidative decarbonylation of 1 and 2 by reaction with tert-butylhydroperoxide (TBHP, 10 equiv.) gives a molybdenum oxide hybrid material formulated as [Mo3O9([ptapzpy]Br)2]·nH2O (3), which was characterised by FT-IR and Raman spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and 13C{1H} CP MAS NMR spectroscopy. Compounds 1–3 were effective (pre)catalysts for the epoxidation of cis-cyclooctene at 55 °C with aqueous H2O2 or TBHP (slightly better results were obtained with the former). The characterisation of the Mo-containing solids isolated after the catalytic reaction showed that poorly soluble β-octamolybdate salts, (L)x[Mo8O26], were formed from 1–3 with TBHP and from 1 with H2O2, while soluble oxoperoxo species were formed from 3 with H2O2. These findings helped to explain the different catalytic performances obtained.

Graphical abstract: Molybdenum(0) tricarbonyl and tetracarbonyl complexes with a cationic pyrazolylpyridine ligand: synthesis, crystal structures and catalytic performance in olefin epoxidation

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Feb 2018, accepted on 24 Apr 2018 and first published on 01 May 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8RA01687A
RSC Adv., 2018,8, 16294-16302
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
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    Molybdenum(0) tricarbonyl and tetracarbonyl complexes with a cationic pyrazolylpyridine ligand: synthesis, crystal structures and catalytic performance in olefin epoxidation

    L. S. Nogueira, P. Neves, A. C. Gomes, P. Lavrador, L. Cunha-Silva, A. A. Valente, I. S. Gonçalves and M. Pillinger, RSC Adv., 2018, 8, 16294
    DOI: 10.1039/C8RA01687A

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