Graphene supported nitrogen-doped porous carbon nanosheets derived from zeolitic imidazolate framework for high performance supercapacitors†
A nitrogen-doped porous carbon nanosheet/graphene composite (NPCN/G) with layer-by-layer structure is facilely synthesized on a large scale via pyrolysis of a zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-8)/graphene (2D) mixture. The as-prepared NPCN/G owns a high Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) specific surface area (1210 m2 g−1) and nitrogen content (6.1%). The specific capacitance of NPCN/G in 6 M KOH solution reaches 306.4 F g−1 at a current density of 0.2 A g−1. Moreover, NPCN/G exhibits an outstanding cycle stability with 97.4% capacitance preservation after 3500 cycles at a current density of 5 A g−1. Compared to the nitrogen-doped porous carbon nanosheets (NPCN), NPCN/G shows a higher capacitance and a superior cycle stability which can be ascribed to the synergistic effect between the GO nanosheets and carbon nanosheets. In addition, the specific capacitance of NPCN/G enhances with increasing concentration of electrolyte.