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Issue 3, 2000
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Study of an effect of easily ionizable elements on the excitation of 35 elements in an Ar-MIP system coupled with solution nebulization

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Abstract

The matrix effect of easily ionizable elements (EIEs) on emission intensity of 35 analytes (Ag, Al, As, Au, B, Ba, Be, Bi, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cs, Cu, Fe, Ga, Hg, In, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo, Ni, P, Pb, Pd, Pt, Sb, Se, Sr, Ti, Tl, V, Zn and Zr) in an argon microwave induced plasma (MIP) was studied in order to find a more complete picture of analyte behaviour in this type of excitation source. The low-power MIP-AES system based on a TE101 rectangular cavity and a laboratory-made ultrasonic nebulizer without a desolvation unit was utilized under such operating conditions (applied power 130 W, argon flow rate 200 ml min−1) in which a pronounced effect could be achieved, and particular excitation mechanisms could be easily distinguished. When taking into account the character of the signal response on the increasing sodium concentration, the elements studied can be divided into four groups. Various collisional processes, a shift in ionization equilibrium, or a volatilization effect may play a dominating role in the overall matrix interferences depending on the nature of the analyte. Argon metastables as well as electrons and atoms resulting from the EIEs are presumed to contribute in the analyte excitation.

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Aug 1999, accepted on 14 Jan 2000 and first published on 24 Feb 2000


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/A906941K
Citation: J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2000,15, 269-274

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    Study of an effect of easily ionizable elements on the excitation of 35 elements in an Ar-MIP system coupled with solution nebulization

    K. Jankowski and M. Dreger, J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2000, 15, 269
    DOI: 10.1039/A906941K

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