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Issue 5, 2013
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LiFePO4–graphene as a superior cathode material for rechargeable lithium batteries: impact of stacked graphene and unfolded graphene

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Abstract

In this work, we describe the use of unfolded graphene as a three dimensional (3D) conducting network for LiFePO4 nanoparticle growth. Compared with stacked graphene, which has a wrinkled structure, the use of unfolded graphene enables better dispersion of LiFePO4 and restricts the LiFePO4 particle size at the nanoscale. More importantly, it allows each LiFePO4 particle to be attached to the conducting layer, which could greatly enhance the electronic conductivity, thereby realizing the full potential of the active materials. Based on its superior structure, after post-treatment for 12 hours, the LiFePO4–unfolded graphene nanocomposite achieved a discharge capacity of 166.2 mA h g−1 in the 1st cycle, which is 98% of the theoretical capacity (170 mA h g−1). The composite also displayed stable cycling behavior up to 100 cycles, whereas the LiFePO4–stacked graphene composite with a similar carbon content could deliver a discharge capacity of only 77 mA h g−1 in the 1st cycle. X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) provided spectroscopic understanding of the crystallinity of LiFePO4 and chemical bonding between LiFePO4 and unfolded graphene.

Graphical abstract: LiFePO4–graphene as a superior cathode material for rechargeable lithium batteries: impact of stacked graphene and unfolded graphene

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
22 Nov 2012
Accepted
08 Feb 2013
First published
12 Feb 2013

Energy Environ. Sci., 2013,6, 1521-1528
Article type
Paper

LiFePO4graphene as a superior cathode material for rechargeable lithium batteries: impact of stacked graphene and unfolded graphene

J. Yang, J. Wang, Y. Tang, D. Wang, X. Li, Y. Hu, R. Li, G. Liang, T. Sham and X. Sun, Energy Environ. Sci., 2013, 6, 1521
DOI: 10.1039/C3EE24163G

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