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Issue 14, 2016
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Iron amino-bis(phenolate) complexes for the formation of organic carbonates from CO2 and oxiranes

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Abstract

A series of iron(III) compounds supported by tetradentate amino-bis(phenolate) ligands were synthesized and characterized using electronic absorption spectroscopy, magnetic moment measurement and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. The solid-state structures of 1 and 2 were determined by X-ray diffraction and reveal iron(III) square pyramidal compounds. The complexes were studied as catalysts for the reaction of carbon dioxide and epoxides in the presence of a co-catalyst, under solvent free conditions to yield cyclic carbonates. Catalytic testing with TBAB as a co-catalyst shows that 4 bearing electron withdrawing groups in the ortho and para-positions of the phenolate ring exhibits the highest catalytic activity. Kinetic studies using 1 revealed that the cycloaddition reaction is affected by temperature as expected and the activation energy for propylene carbonate formation is 98.4 kJ mol−1.

Graphical abstract: Iron amino-bis(phenolate) complexes for the formation of organic carbonates from CO2 and oxiranes

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Mar 2016, accepted on 24 Mar 2016 and first published on 29 Mar 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6CY00477F
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Catal. Sci. Technol., 2016,6, 5364-5373
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    Iron amino-bis(phenolate) complexes for the formation of organic carbonates from CO2 and oxiranes

    D. Alhashmialameer, J. Collins, K. Hattenhauer and F. M. Kerton, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2016, 6, 5364
    DOI: 10.1039/C6CY00477F

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