Chemically-resolved determination of hydrogenated graphene–substrate interaction†
Functionalization of graphene on Ir(111) is a promising route to modify graphene by chemical means in a controlled fashion at the nanoscale. Yet, the nature of such functionalized sp3 nanodots remains unknown. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations alone cannot differentiate between two plausible structures, namely true graphane and substrate stabilized graphane-like nanodots. These two structures, however, interact dramatically differently with the underlying substrate. Discriminating which type of nanodots forms on the surface is thus of paramount importance for the applications of such prepared nanostructures. By comparing X-ray standing wave measurements against theoretical model structures obtained by DFT calculations we are able to exclude the formation of true graphane nanodots and clearly show the formation graphane-like nanodots.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2019 PCCP HOT Articles