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Issue 10, 2010
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Binding of various anions in laterally non-symmetric aza-oxa cryptands through H-bonds: characterization of waterclusters of different nuclearity

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Abstract

The X-ray crystallographic study of various anionic complexes have been performed on two laterally non-symmetric aza-oxa cryptands Lo and Lm having different cavity dimension. The anions are bound through various N/C/O–H⋯X (X = anion) bonding interactions with the cryptand receptors. For the chloride complex of Lo (complex 1), the encapsulated chloride resides perfectly on C3 axis and prefers to stay at the ‘oxa’ end despite H- bonding interactions with protonated ‘azaN atoms. In case of the perchlorate (complex 2), the anion remains outside the cavity. The anions occupy the cavity created by four arms of two cryptand molecules and also the space provided by the two arms of a single cryptand molecule. Although, Lm has a larger cavity, perchlorate still remains outside (complex 3). To probe preferences for encapsulation, cryptand Lm is allowed to react with three different binary mixtures of acids. For the case of HCl–H2SO4 and HCl-HNO3 binary systems (complex 4 and 5, respectively), Cl is incorporated in the cavity leaving SO4 or NO3 outside. In case of HBr-HNO3 mixture, NO3 is preferred over Br in the cavity (complex 6). In each case for Lm, the encapsulated anion is displaced away from ‘oxa’ end to the ‘aza’ end of the cavity. Interestingly, in 2–6 the secondary amino N in the bridges and the bridgehead N at the ‘aza’ end gets protonated. In these compounds, water clusters of various nuclearity have been identified.

Graphical abstract: Binding of various anions in laterally non-symmetric aza-oxa cryptands through H-bonds: characterization of water clusters of different nuclearity

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Article information


Submitted
25 Nov 2009
Accepted
06 Apr 2010
First published
29 May 2010

CrystEngComm, 2010,12, 2967-2974
Article type
Paper

Binding of various anions in laterally non-symmetric aza-oxa cryptands through H-bonds: characterization of water clusters of different nuclearity

M. C. Das, S. K. Ghosh, S. Sen and P. K. Bharadwaj, CrystEngComm, 2010, 12, 2967
DOI: 10.1039/B924869M

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