A review on lawsone-based benzo[a]phenazin-5-ol: synthetic approaches and reactions
Phenazine systems are an important class of aza-polycyclic compounds that are easily found in nature and isolated as secondary metabolites primarily from Pseudomonas, Streptomyces, and a few other genera from soil or marine habitats. Moreover, various synthetic phenazine analogs are known for their pharmaceutical activities. Among various phenazines, benzo[a]phenazines are structural subunits in a variety of important natural products and have been given special attention due to their unique biological properties in various fields. In this review article, we highlight the synthesis of benzo[a]phenazin-5-ol derivatives from lawsone and benzene-1,2-diamines and their applications for the construction of a variety of five and six membered fused heterocycles such as pyranophenazines, spiropyranophenazines, pyridophenazines, furophenazines, benzochromenophenazines and oxazinophenazines during the period of 1995 to 2021.