Electronic phase-crossover and room temperature ferromagnetism in a two-dimensional (2D) spin lattice†
Tuning of system properties such as electronic and magnetic behaviour through various engineering techniques is necessary for optoelectronic and spintronic applications. In our current work, we employ first-principles methodologies along with Monte-Carlo simulations to comprehensively study the electronic and magnetic behaviour of 2-dimensional (2D) Cr2Ge2Te6 (Tc = 61 K), uncovering the impact of strain and electric field on the material. In the presence of strain, we were able to achieve high temperature magnetic ordering in the layer along with observable phase crossover in the electronic state of the system, where the system exhibited transference from semiconducting to half-metallic state. Finally, on coupling strain and electric field remarkable increase in Curie temperature (Tc) ∼ 331 K (above 5-fold enhancement from pristine configuration) was observed, which is very well above room temperature. Our inferences have shed light on a relatively new type of coupling method involving strain and electric field which may have tremendous implications in the development of 2D spintronic architecture.