Proteomimetic surface fragments distinguish targets by function†
The fragment-centric design promises a means to develop complex xenobiotic protein surface mimetics, but it is challenging to find locally biomimetic structures. To address this issue, foldameric local surface mimetic (LSM) libraries were constructed. Protein affinity patterns, ligand promiscuity and protein druggability were evaluated using pull-down data for targets with various interaction tendencies and levels of homology. LSM probes based on H14 helices exhibited sufficient binding affinities for the detection of both orthosteric and non-orthosteric spots, and overall binding tendencies correlated with the magnitude of the target interactome. Binding was driven by two proteinogenic side chains and LSM probes could distinguish structurally similar proteins with different functions, indicating limited promiscuity. Binding patterns displayed similar side chain enrichment values to those for native protein–protein interfaces implying locally biomimetic behavior. These analyses suggest that in a fragment-centric approach foldameric LSMs can serve as useful probes and building blocks for undruggable protein interfaces.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2020 Chemical Science HOT Article Collection