Jammed packings of 3D superellipsoids with tunable packing fraction, coordination number, and ordering
We carry out numerical studies of static packings of frictionless superellipsoidal particles in three spatial dimensions. We consider more than 200 different particle shapes by varying the three shape parameters that define superellipsoids. We characterize the structural and mechanical properties of both disordered and ordered packings using two packing-generation protocols. We perform athermal quasi-static compression simulations starting from either random, dilute configurations (Protocol 1) or thermalized, dense configurations (Protocol 2), which allows us to tune the orientational order of the packings. In general, we find that superellipsoid packings are hypostatic, with coordination number zJ < ziso, where ziso = 2df and df = 5 or 6 depending on whether the particles are axi-symmetric or not. Over the full range of orientational order, we find that the number of quartic modes of the dynamical matrix for the packings always matches the number of missing contacts relative to the isostatic value. This result suggests that there are no mechanically redundant contacts for ordered, yet hypostatic packings of superellipsoidal particles. Additionally, we find that the packing fraction at jamming onset for disordered packings of superellipsoidal depends on at least two particle shape parameters, e.g. the asphericity and reduced aspect ratio β of the particles.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Active Matter