Retracted Article: The influence of gradient and porous configurations on the microwave absorbing performance of multilayered graphene/thermoplastic polyurethane composite foams
Single-layer graphene/TPU composite foams with different graphene content were prepared through a thermally induced phase separation (TIPS) process. Multilayer graphene/TPU composite foams were fabricated by bonding single-layer foams together. The arrangement of single-layer graphene/TPU composite foams in different orders could realize a gradient distribution of the graphene to endow the multilayer foams with good impedance matching characteristics. Facile regulation of the effective absorption bandwidth (EB) value and minimum reflection loss (RLmin) have been realized by adjusting the thickness and layer number or altering the combinatorial mode of single-layer foams with different graphene contents to endow these multilayered composite foams with optimal microwave-absorbing (MA) properties. In addition, the mechanism of microwave dissipation by gradient multilayers and porous structures has been elucidated. The EB values of the multilayer foams were all wider than those of their corresponding single-layer foams with the same graphene content and multilayer foams displayed much lower RLmin than single-layer foams. Among all the multilayer foams, 2L graphene/TPU composite foams with a thickness of 5 mm exhibit the widest EB value of 9.9 GHz and the lower RLmin (−36.7 dB) while 5L graphene/TPU composite foams with a thickness of only 2.5 mm show the lowest RLmin of −43.7 dB and wider EB values (5.3 GHz).