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Issue 10, 2019
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Inhibiting degradation of cellulose dissolved in ionic liquids via amino acids

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Abstract

Although ionic liquids (ILs) are efficient solvents for dissolving cellulose, long time dissolution (for example ≥24 h) could lead to cellulose degradation, especially at high temperatures (for example ≥130 °C), limiting the use of ILs in the cellulose industry. On the premise of sufficient dissolution, inhibiting cellulose degradation in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride [C4mim]Cl, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride [C2mim]Cl and 1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride [Amim]Cl at 130 °C was achieved by the addition of amino acids. The results show that the cellulose regeneration rate increased from 0.00% to 90.02% at 130 °C for 24 h when 1.25 wt% of L-arginine was added to [C4mim]Cl. It is concluded that L-arginine can form an intermolecular hydrogen bond with one of the three ipsilateral hydroxyls of cellulose, which prevents the cation [C4mim]+ or anion Cl from simultaneously forming three hydrogen bonds with the three ipsilateral hydroxyls of cellulose, successfully inhibiting cellulose degradation. This work expands the application of ILs in the cellulose industry.

Graphical abstract: Inhibiting degradation of cellulose dissolved in ionic liquids via amino acids

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Jan 2019, accepted on 17 Apr 2019 and first published on 19 Apr 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9GC00334G
Green Chem., 2019,21, 2777-2787

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    Inhibiting degradation of cellulose dissolved in ionic liquids via amino acids

    J. Yang, X. Lu, X. Yao, Y. Li, Y. Yang, Q. Zhou and S. Zhang, Green Chem., 2019, 21, 2777
    DOI: 10.1039/C9GC00334G

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