Synergistic effects in Fe nanoparticles doped with ppm levels of (Pd + Ni). A new catalyst for sustainable nitro group reductions†
A remarkable synergistic effect has been uncovered between ppm levels of Pd and Ni embedded within iron nanoparticles that leads to mild and selective catalytic reductions of nitro-containing aromatics and heteroaromatics in water at room temperature. NaBH4 serves as the source of inexpensive hydride. Broad substrate scope is documented, along with several other features including: low catalyst loading, low residual metal in the products, and recycling of the catalyst and reaction medium, highlight the green nature of this new technology.