Issue 20, 2015

Rouse mode analysis of chain relaxation in polymer nanocomposites


Large-scale molecular dynamics simulations are used to study the internal relaxations of chains in nanoparticle (NP)/polymer composites. We examine the Rouse modes of the chains, a quantity that is closest in spirit to the self-intermediate scattering function, typically determined in an (incoherent) inelastic neutron scattering experiment. Our simulations show that for weakly interacting mixtures of NPs and polymers, the effective monomeric relaxation rates are faster than in a neat melt when the NPs are smaller than the entanglement mesh size. In this case, the NPs serve to reduce both the monomeric friction and the entanglements in the polymer melt, as in the case of a polymer–solvent system. However, for NPs larger than half the entanglement mesh size, the effective monomer relaxation is essentially unaffected for low NP concentrations. Even in this case, we observe a strong reduction in chain entanglements for larger NP loadings. Thus, the role of NPs is to always reduce the number of entanglements, with this effect only becoming pronounced for small NPs or for high concentrations of large NPs. Our studies of the relaxation of single chains resonate with recent neutron spin echo (NSE) experiments, which deduce a similar entanglement dilution effect.

Graphical abstract: Rouse mode analysis of chain relaxation in polymer nanocomposites

Article information

Article type
30 Mar 2015
20 Apr 2015
First published
20 Apr 2015
This article is Open Access
Creative Commons BY license

Soft Matter, 2015,11, 4123-4132

Rouse mode analysis of chain relaxation in polymer nanocomposites

J. T. Kalathi, S. K. Kumar, M. Rubinstein and G. S. Grest, Soft Matter, 2015, 11, 4123 DOI: 10.1039/C5SM00754B

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