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Issue 89, 2015
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Direct synthesis of butadiynyl-substituted pyrroles under solvent- and transition metal-free conditions

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Abstract

The work describes a convenient and highly efficient C–H butadiynylation of substituted pyrroles with the use of 1-halobutadiynes. The method requires only a simple grinding of substrates in a mortar under mild, solvent- and transition metal-free conditions and constitutes the first example of pyrrole butadiynylation via cross-coupling reaction with the use of 1-halobutadiynes. The scope of this mechanochemical approach covers 4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-indole, its N-substituted derivatives and 2-phenylpyrrole and on the other hand ester and phenyl end-capped 1-halobutadiynes including chlorides, bromides and iodides. Interestingly, the method has proven effective also for weak electron withdrawing aryl substituted 1-halobutadiynes what has not been yet achieved for 1-haloacetylenes. Such reactivity was unexpected in the view of the literature data and opened a gate to the plethora of substrates for organic synthesis including syntheses of pharmaceuticals. An X-ray analysis of two coupling products is also presented.

Graphical abstract: Direct synthesis of butadiynyl-substituted pyrroles under solvent- and transition metal-free conditions

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Article information


Submitted
11 May 2015
Accepted
17 Aug 2015
First published
17 Aug 2015

RSC Adv., 2015,5, 73241-73248
Article type
Paper
Author version available

Direct synthesis of butadiynyl-substituted pyrroles under solvent- and transition metal-free conditions

D. N. Tomilin, B. Pigulski, N. Gulia, A. Arendt, L. N. Sobenina, A. I. Mikhaleva, S. Szafert and B. A. Trofimov, RSC Adv., 2015, 5, 73241
DOI: 10.1039/C5RA08820H

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