Structure, antimicrobial activity, albumin- and DNA-binding of manganese(ii)–sparfloxacinato complexes†
Manganese(II) complexes with the quinolone antimicrobial agent sparfloxacin (Hsf) in the absence or presence of the nitrogen-donor heterocyclic ligands 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), 2,2′-bipyridine (bipy), 2,2′-bipyridylamine (bipyam) or pyridine (py) were synthesized and characterized with diverse physicochemical and spectroscopic techniques. The crystal structure of complex [Mn(sf)2(phen)]·4MeOH was determined by X-ray crystallography. In the resultant complexes, the deprotonated sparfloxacinato ligands are bidentately bound to manganese(II) through the pyridone oxygen and a carboxylato oxygen. The antimicrobial activity of the complexes was tested against four different microorganisms (Escherichia coli, Xanthomonas campestris, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis) and was found to be similar to or higher than free Hsf. The binding of the complexes to calf-thymus DNA (CT DNA) was monitored by UV spectroscopy and DNA viscosity measurements, which indicated intercalation as the most possible mode, and the DNA-binding constants of the complexes were calculated. The ability of the complexes to displace ethidium bromide (EB) from the EB–DNA complex was also investigated. Fluorescence emission spectroscopy was used to evaluate the interaction of the complexes with human or bovine serum albumin proteins revealing their binding with relatively high binding constant values.