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Issue 15, 2014
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Densities and low pressure solubilities of carbon dioxide in five promising ionic liquids

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Abstract

Ionic liquids are presently considered the most energy-efficient and environmentally benign solvents for CO2 capture. This research aimed at measuring the solubility of CO2 in five room temperature ionic liquids, triethylsulfoniumbis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([S222][Tf2N]), diethylmethyl(2-methoxy ethyl)-ammonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([deme][Tf2N]), 1-propyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([pmim][Tf2N]), 1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium bis-(trifluoromethyl sulfonyl)imide ([amim][Tf2N]), and 1-butyl-4-methylpyridinium tetrafluoroborate ([4mbp][BF4]) at (313.15, 323.15 and 333.15 K) and at pressures up to 20 bar using a gravimetric microbalance. The experimental solubility data of CO2 in these solvents were well correlated using the Peng–Robinson (PR-EoS), Redlich–Kwong–Soave (SRK-EoS), SRK-EoS with quadratic mixing rules, and the Non-Random Two-Liquid (NRTL) with satisfactory average absolute deviations (AADs). Binary interaction parameters for these correlations were also reported. The absorption of CO2 was prone to diminish in this sequence: [deme][Tf2N] > [pmim][Tf2N] > [amim][Tf2N] > [S222][Tf2N] > [4mbp][BF4]. The four ionic liquids {[deme][Tf2N], [pmim][Tf2N], [amim][Tf2N], and [S222][Tf2N]} are deemed promising due to comparably high CO2 absorption (physical) to other prevalent CO2-absorbing ionic liquids. More interestingly, [deme][Tf2N] is shown to have the highest CO2 solubility among all ammonium-based ionic liquids reported in the literature. In addition, Henry's law constants, enthalpies and entropies of absorption for CO2 in the investigated ionic liquids were also reported.

Graphical abstract: Densities and low pressure solubilities of carbon dioxide in five promising ionic liquids

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Nov 2013, accepted on 03 Jan 2014 and first published on 06 Jan 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3RA46339G
RSC Adv., 2014,4, 7566-7578

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    Densities and low pressure solubilities of carbon dioxide in five promising ionic liquids

    T. Nonthanasin, A. Henni and C. Saiwan, RSC Adv., 2014, 4, 7566
    DOI: 10.1039/C3RA46339G

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