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Issue 1, 2013
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Integration of multiple components in polystyrene-based microfluidic devices part I: fabrication and characterization

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Abstract

In Part I of a two-part series, we describe a simple and inexpensive approach to fabricate polystyrene devices that is based upon melting polystyrene (from either a Petri dish or powder form) against PDMS molds or around electrode materials. The ability to incorporate microchannels in polystyrene and integrate the resulting device with standard laboratory equipment such as an optical plate reader for analyte readout and pipets for fluid propulsion is first described. A simple approach for sample and reagent delivery to the device channels using a standard, multi-channel micropipette and a PDMS-based injection block is detailed. Integration of the microfluidic device with these off-chip functions (sample delivery and readout) enables high-throughput screens and analyses. An approach to fabricate polystyrene-based devices with embedded electrodes is also demonstrated, thereby enabling the integration of microchip electrophoresis with electrochemical detection through the use of a palladium electrode (for a decoupler) and carbon-fiber bundle (for detection). The device was sealed against a PDMS-based microchannel and used for the electrophoretic separation and amperometric detection of dopamine, epinephrine, catechol, and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid. Finally, these devices were compared against PDMS-based microchips in terms of their optical transparency and absorption of an anti-platelet drug, clopidogrel. Part I of this series lays the foundation for Part II, where these devices were utilized for various on-chip cellular analysis.

Graphical abstract: Integration of multiple components in polystyrene-based microfluidic devices part I: fabrication and characterization

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Aug 2012, accepted on 16 Oct 2012 and first published on 19 Oct 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2AN36168J
Analyst, 2013,138, 129-136

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    Integration of multiple components in polystyrene-based microfluidic devices part I: fabrication and characterization

    A. S. Johnson, K. B. Anderson, S. T. Halpin, D. C. Kirkpatrick, D. M. Spence and R. S. Martin, Analyst, 2013, 138, 129
    DOI: 10.1039/C2AN36168J

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