Identification of two-histidines one-carboxylate binding motifs in proteins amenable to facial coordination to metals†
Among natural metalloenzymes, the facial two-histidines one-carboxylate binding motif (FTM) is a widely represented first coordination sphere motif present in the active site of a variety of metalloenzymes. A PDB search revealed a total of 1685 structures bearing such FTMs bound to a metal. Sixty statistically representative FTMs were selected and used as template for the identification of structurally characterized proteins bearing these three amino acids in a propitious environment for binding to a transition metal. This geometrical superposition search, carried out using the STAMPS software, returned 2320 hits. While most consisted of either apo-FTMs or bore strong sequence homology to known FTMs, seven such structures lying within a cavity were identified as novel and viable scaffolds for the creation of artificial metalloenzymes bearing an FTM.